The earliest forms of sleep remedies found in ancient Greece and Egypt. The most common form of sleep aid used in the ancient world's opium, which, despite many negative side effects, and addictive actually very effective in inducing sleep. The ancient Greek statues and paintings of the Greek god of sleep, Hypnos, usually seen holding a poppy flower. In addition to opium, there were other, far stranger anesthetic during antiquity. These include sleeping pills lettuce juice, Mandrake the crust, herb called henbane, and if all else wine was not an effective way to cure insomnia. Before turn of the nineteenth century, opium and other herbal sleep aids are available.
In 1805, the chemical name Fredrick Setumer synthesized from opium for the first time, although the use was hardly a step forward or improve regular opium, it can not start a lot of new research synthesized tranquillizers to be used as sleeping remedies. In 1850, two new anesthetics and it emerged the most successful use was common throughout the world. The first of these was Chloryl hydrate developed in the early 1830s in Germany. This material is a very rapid onset of central nervous system depressant, and extremely effectively induces sleep quickly; This is especially true when mixed with alcohol to aid sleep. For this reason, it was known as hydrates Chloryl drop or knock out "Mickeys" as the "slip a Mickey's drink." The problem was that many cases of people overdosing, especially if you have any amount of alcohol consumed and never woke up after using these hypnotic. Another extremely popular sleep aid in the nineteenth century, a combination of bromide pills. It was not originally designed as a sleeping pill, but as the treatment of epilepsy. Although it turned out to be not effective in controlling seizures, it was found shortly after his creation were able to fall asleep easily. Unfortunately bromides as a sleep aid come in a wide variety of side effects, and such hydrates can cause Chloryl overdose.
The next generation of sleeping pills became popular throughout the early twentieth century and were known as barbiturates, the most common sleeping pill was marketed under the Veronal . In some rare cases, still used hypnotics or sedatives and barbiturates. However, they are rarely prescribed hypnotics because it is very easy to adapt to addiction. There are other problems surrounding barbiturate anesthetic side effects and the risk of overdose. It was not uncommon for people to use in combination with barbiturate sleeping pills with alcohol to commit suicide.
a fairly long period of three ingredients listed above, as well as homemade remedies were the only anesthetic available. In the 1970s the government began a more active interest in the regulation of both prescription and over the counter sleep aids and many phamraceuticals or have been banned or strictly controlled. As the saying goes, "Necessity is the mother of invention." The ban many hazardous substances calls for new research anesthetic producing safer and more effective pharmaceutical sleep aids. A & # 39; at the end of 70-ies became available for a new generation of sleeping pills, benzodiazepines. These include drugs such as Valium and more recently Xanax. While benzodiazepines are generally recognized as a safer sleep aids and anti-anxiety medications like their predecessors, they still are questions addiction, dependence and there is a very wide range of harsh side effects. Since almost instantaneous feeling of euphoria these drugs, they also lend themselves to recreational use, and the street name "bennys". Benzodiazepines also brings about a risk of overdose, even though much smaller than other anesthetic mentioned.
This research was caused by sleeping pills to come full circle, back to the natural ingredients. Today & # 39; s natural sleep remedy is much more advanced than things like opium and lettuce juice used back in ancient times. Most modern natural sleep aids come in capsule form and the use of various combinations of herbs and plant extracts from around the world. One of the most effective of these herbal extracts St. John's Wort, which has passed the tests of time and the scientific method as an effective sleep aid and antidepressant. Other ingredients used in herbal sleep aids generally include nardostchya jatamanshi Wallich and valerian are mild sedatives. The primary advantage of these sleep aids is that there is no risk of addiction or dependency. There is also the fact that when you buy a herbal sleeping pill side effects are very rare, and in those cases, they were the very mild.